In the next summary, I will explain the different climates.
The equatorial climates are find within 5 either degrees from the equator. The temperature is high and constant throughout all the year, in most of the equatorial places heavy rains happens at the same hour of the day.
Also, they are characterized by the high humidity and the daily pattern. This means that all the days are similar from each other. In the morning the clouds are created, in the noon cumulonimbos are formed and in the afternoon the heavy rains occur.
Tropical continental climate are find in the center of continents. Part of the year, wet season take place and the other part the dry season take place. The wet season is hot and have some rains. On the other hand, in the dry season there are many droughts but they are also hot.
The monsoon climate has two different season depending on the wind. The south-west monsoon is the hottest season, characterized for having low pressure and extremes amounts of rainfall. The north-east monsoon, on the other hand, have high pressure, very little amounts of rain and very cold temperatures
Hot deserts are find on the west side of continents. They are characterized with the low amounts of rain and because the wind loose their moisture when it cross the mountains. The annual number of precipitation are from 250mm. There is also a lot of evapotranspiration. As there are not clouds, nights are freezing compared with the rest of the day.
On the opposite, there are the cold climates.They are find on the polewards side of the continents, for example: Eurasia, North America. It have little precipitations and very strong winds. Summer is shorter than winter and winter is long and cold